18 January 2009

Nixon's the One

Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the thirty-seventh President of the United States, and the only president to ever resign the office. The thirteen and a half years he spent as either President or Vice President also meant that he was the longest serving individual to have held the nation's two highest executive posts.

Nixon ended America's involvement in the Vietnam war, opened relations with Communist China and started diplomacy with Soviet Union. On the domestic side, Nixon chose to go off the gold standard stopping the direct convertibility of the US dollar to gold. He battled inflation with temporary wage and price controls and governed during the first oil crisis in 1973. He signed into law the bill that lowered the US freeway speed limit to 55 mph to conserve gasoline. Nixon was president during all the Apollo moon landings and approved the development of the space shuttle.

Nixon won his second term by a landslide. The break-in of the Democratic headquarters during the campaign and the subsequent cover-up by Nixon lead to his resignation on August 9, 1974.

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